|Due primarily to high rural to urban migration, Kampala’s population has grown at an average rate of 5.6 percent annually since the 1960s; expanding its urban footprint to a sprawling 197 square kilometers. Over 1.2 million people now live in the capital city. This stunning growth can be seen in the remarkable contrast between these 1974 and 2008 satellite images. |
The growing population has led unplanned settlement and inadequate infrastructure for many of the City’s residents. In addition, areas of forest in and around the capital have been lost to increasing demand for charcoal. Many of the wetlands in the Kampala area have been lost to industrial and residential development. This has had a negative impact on water quality within Kampala as well as the water of Murchison Bay which has experienced periodic infestations of water hyacinth and massive algae blooms which turn the water of the bay green.
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